Streaming television is the digital distribution of television content, such as TV shows, as streaming media delivered over the Internet. Streaming TV stands in contrast to dedicated terrestrial television delivered by over-the-air aerial systems, cable television, and/or satellite television systemslive Sri Lankan tv
1. Sri Lanka Television Network
The first television station established in Sri Lanka was founded in 1958. In 1989, Telelink was formed and became the first privately owned commercial TV channel. After two years of establishing their network, they started broadcasting Sinhala-language content, live Sri Lankan tv.
2. Sri Lankan Broadcasting Corporation
The second government-owned television station in Sri Lanka was founded as SLBC in 1981. However, the channel only began broadcasting after 1990. By 1987, the government took over control of SLBC and changed the name to National Television Service (NTS).
3. Rupavahini Corporation
Rupavahini Corporation is the third major television station in Sri Lanka. Established on July 1, 1996, Rupavahini broadcasted its first program on March 12, 1997. Rupavahinis main language is Tamil, however, some programs are available in English. Rupavahindi is known for its political and social programs.
4. Ceylon Independent Television Limited
Ceylon Independent Television is the newest television station in Sri Lanka and is operated by a private company. CITV is mainly focused on Indian programming and news. Its headquarters is located in Colombo, however, some programs can be seen from other cities such as Galle, Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Puttalam, Ratnapura, Trincomalee, Weligama, and Wattala. On May 17, 2011, CITV launched the first ever digital terrestrial television service in Sri Lanka, called Digitv.
5. State controlled television stations
There are many state-controlled television stations in Sri Lanka. These include Ananda Vikatan (AVI), Eeyaa Avazu (EAYA), Maha Bodhiya (MBTV) and Swarnodaya Television (SWTV). Most of these channels broadcast content related to children's education, entertainment, culture, and national events.
6. Other networks
Other popular networks in Sri Lanka include Duwa Ariyalai (DUWA), Nethra News (NETHRA), and Radio Ceylon (RCY). DUWA covers local news and information about sports and entertainments. NETHRA broadcasts interviews and entertainment news. RCY focuses on music, radio, and talk shows.
Up until the 1990s, it was not thought possible that a television programme could be squeezed into the limited telecommunication bandwidth of a copper telephone cable to provide a streaming service of acceptable quality, as the required bandwidth of a digital television signal was around 200 Mbit/s, which was 2,000 times greater than the bandwidth of a speech signal over a copper telephone wire.
Streaming services were only made possible as a result of two major technological developments: MPEG (motion-compensated DCT) video compression and asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) data transmission.
The mid-2000s were the beginning of television programs becoming available via the Internet. The video-sharing site YouTube was launched in early 2005, allowing users to share illegally posted television programs. YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, and later from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not easily find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.
Apple's iTunes service also began offering select television programs and series in 2005, available for download after direct payment. A few years later, television networks and other independent services began creating sites where shows and programs could be streamed online. Amazon Video began in the United States as Amazon Unbox in 2006, but did not launch worldwide until 2016. Netflix, a website originally created for DVD rentals and sales, began providing streaming content in 2007. In 2008 Hulu, owned by NBC and Fox, was launched, followed by tv.com in 2009, owned by CBS. The first generation Apple TV was released in 2007 and in 2008 the first generation Roku streaming device was announced. Digital media players also began to become available to the public during this time. These digital media players have continued to be updated and new generations released.
Smart TVs took over the television market after 2010 and continue to partner with new providers to bring streaming video to even more users. As of 2015, smart TVs are the only type of middle to high-end television being produced. Amazon's version of a digital media player, Amazon Fire TV, was not offered to the public until 2014.
Access to television programming has evolved from computer and television access to include mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Corresponding apps for mobile devices started to become available via app stores in 2008, but they grew in popularity in the 2010s with the rapid deployment of LTE cellular network. These mobile apps allow users to view provided streaming media on mobile devices which support them.
In 2008, the International Academy of Web Television, headquartered in Los Angeles, formed in order to organize and support television actors, authors, executives, and producers in web series and streaming television. The organization also administers the selection of winners for the Streamy Awards. In 2009, the Los Angeles Web Series Festival was founded. Several other festivals and award shows have been dedicated solely to web content, including the Indie Series Awards and the Vancouver Web Series Festival. In 2013, in response to the shifting of the soap opera All My Children from broadcast to streaming television, a new category for "Fantastic web-only series" in the Daytime Emmy Awards was created. Later that year, Netflix made history by earning the first Primetime Emmy Award nominations for a streaming television series, for Arrested Development, Hemlock Grove, and House of Cards, at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards. Hulu earned the first Emmy win for Outstanding Drama Series, for The Handmaid's Tale at the 69th Primetime Emmy Awards.
Traditional cable and satellite television providers began to offer services such as Sling TV, owned by Dish Network, which was unveiled in January 2015. DirecTV, another satellite television provider launched their own streaming service, DirecTV Now, in 2016. Sky launched a similar streaming service in the UK called Now TV.
In 2013, streaming video website Netflix earned the first Primetime Emmy Award nominations for original streaming television at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards. Three of its web series, House of Cards, Arrested Development, and Hemlock Grove, earned nominations that year. On July 13, 2015, cable company Comcast announced an HBO plus broadcast TV package at a price discounted from basic broadband plus basic cable.
In 2017, YouTube launched YouTube TV, a streaming service that allows users to watch live television programs from popular cable or network channels, and record shows to stream anywhere, anytime. As of 2017, 28% of US adults cite streaming services as their main means for watching television, and 61% of those ages 18 to 29 cite it as their main method. As of 2018, Netflix is the world's largest streaming TV network and also the world's largest Internet media and entertainment company with 117 million paid subscribers, and by revenue and market cap